Born in Illinois in 1887, Harry Dwight Chamberlin graduated from West Point in 1910. Upon graduation he was assigned to Fort Riley, Kansas, 7th Cavalry. He later returned to West Point where he trained under the Guy. Henry. (read about Guy Henry)
Chamberlin served in WW1 and after the armistice in 1919 he had his first opportunity to compete for the U.S. in international competition, after which he was reassigned to Fort Riley in the horsemanship department. At Fort Riley he trained for the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium competing in show jumping and 3 day event.
The horsemanship manual that was used at Fort Riley when Harry Chamberlin was instructor is the same 1912 French Cavalry Manual that I send as a gift to readers who sign up for the U.S. Horsemanship Newsletter. If you’d like to receive a copy for your horsemanship library, just fill out the subscription form on the upper right corner of this page.
Harry Chamberlin, rather than just a rider and competitor, was a student of horsemanship. He requested, and was selected to attend the French Cavalry School at Saumur, France in 1922. He had a desire to add more knowledge about Caprilli’s forward method to the sound foundation he’d received at Saumur and was selected to train at Tor Di Quinto, Italy once his time at Saumur was completed. Harry Chamberlin excelled in the forward system at Tor Di Quinto. When his time was finished at Tor Di Quinto, Harry Chamberlin visited the German school at Hanover and also the British Cavalry School at Weedon.
From 1925-1927 Harry Chamberlin was stationed at Fort Bliss,Texas where he taught horsemanship and played polo. Under his leadership, the 8th Cavalry Polo team won championships in 1925 and 1926. He played polo in addition to his regular duties which included responsibility for his squadron of more than 300 troopers and 500 horses. His squadron patrolled the border between the U.S. and Mexico.
Chamberlin returned to Fort Riley in 1927 and incorporated the ideas and skills he’d developed while studying in France and Italy. This was an important time for U.S. riders because Harry Chamberlin’s method established the foundation of the balanced seat for future generations of Americans.
While at Fort Riley Harry Chamberlin was a member of the Army Equestrian Team which competed at Madison Square Garden in New York, as well as shows in Europe. He was selected for the 1928 Army Equestrian team for the Olympics in Amsterdam.
1928 was the fourth time the U.S. sent a riding team to the Olympic Games. The team was selected from Field Artillery, Cavalry, and civilian ranks through tests held at both Fort Riley, Kansas and Fort Sill, Oklahoma. 15 horses were chosen from a combination of all the Government owned horses and a handful that were privately owned. Interestingly, the final selection resulted in 4 TBs, 1 French coach horse, 1 half Hackney, an American saddle horse and the remaining of unknown breeding. Several of the horses had competed in past Olympics. The selected team and horses trained at Fort Riley from May 1, 1928- June 2, 1928 at which time they traveled by rail to New York where they trained for another short time period before boarding the SS. President Roosevelt for a 10 day ocean voyage to Amsterdam and then another train trip to the show grounds. The competition started 18 days after the horses landed in Amsterdam. This training was an improvement compared to the three previous Army Teams that competed in the Olympics but still proved not to be enough to adequately prepare a team for international competition. The lessons learned from the 1928 Olympics, combined with the driving force of Harry Chamberlin, turned the Army team into a serious force in future international competition.
Harry Chamberlin was captain of the record making Army Olympic team in 1932 . Once again he competed in 3 Day Event, winning team gold, and also in Show Jumping where he won the individual silver medal.
In 1944, while commanding in the Pacific, Lieutenant Colonel Harry D. Chamberlin became ill. The illness was fatal.
Harry Chamberlin is credited with the development of the Cavalry’s multi volume manual, Horsemanship and Horsemastership (available through http://www.uscavalry.org/shop/index.php/horsemanship-volume-i-64 ).The instructions and principles laid out in these volumes trained the military and when cavalrymen began instructing outside of the military, they changed the face of horsemanship for the civilian population.
Harry Chamberlin wrote two books on horsemanship that, IMHO, should be in the libraries of every serious horseman. Training Hunters, Jumpers and Hacks was published in 1937. Riding and Schooling Horses (my favorite) was published in 1934. Chamberlin’s writing style is very easy to understand. He’d studied all of the major works on horsemanship, such as: Baucher, La Guerinere, and D’ Aure and many others that were available in his day. He felt that, for the most part, the works on horsemanship were difficult for the average person to understand and too many of them were incomplete. He made certain that his writing was clear and understandable by having it read by a woman who was not a horsewoman, prior to publication. Only a teacher would have been so concerned about the clarity of his explanations.
According to Harry Chamberlin a person needs 5 qualities in order to become a good horseman. (read my blog post )They are:
- a normally alert mind
- a mind with an analytical turn asking “how” and “why”
- average physique
- regular practice
- theoretical knowledge
Harry Chamberlin was responsible for the riding instruction of thousands of men during his career and he he oversaw the training of more men than horses. His training and teaching produced the generation of American Cavalry officers, including Gordon Wright, who taught the civilian riders in the decades after the Cavalry was dismounted in 1946-47. Chamberlin was able to thoroughly understand and meld the theories and methods of both the French and the Italian cavalry schools, leaving us with clear explanations for future generations of riders. Piero Santini, student of Federico Caprilli, said that the teaching at Fort Riley came the closest of any nation to those of Caprilli himself, yet Chamberlin believed that Caprilli’s forward method was somewhat limited to a selected venue.
Chamberlin’s method not only became models for the balanced seat/eventing riders and the forward seat/hunter riders, he effected stock seat/western riders through men like Monte Forman (learn more about Monte Foreman) and John Richard Young (The Schooling of the Western Horse 1961).
Because of his ability to lead men, understand horses, fathom the deep theories of horsemanship and translate them into language that could be understood by the average mind, Harry Chamberlin was probably the finest horseman ever produced by the U.S. Cavalry. He was a soldier, a horseman, a sportsman, and a teacher, providing an important foundation for riding in the U.S.
If you’d like to read more about Harry Chamberlin; the most thorough biography that I have found regarding his military career is titled Brigadier General Harry D. Chamberlin, The Cavalry’s Greatest Horseman by Louis A. DiMarco.
Thank you for reading!
Barbara Ellin Fox